Easy way to Identifying Noun, Verb, Adjective and Adverb with Suffix Shortcut

 Easy way to Identifying Noun, Verb, Adjective and Adverb with Suffix Shortcut

A suffix is a letter or group of letters added at the end of a word which makes a new word.



new words

forget, use


forgetful, useful

state, govern


statement, government

complicate, create


complication, creation

The new word is most often a different word class from the original word. In the table above, the suffix -ful has changed verbs to adjectives, -ment, and -ion have changed verbs to nouns. If you see a word ending in -ment, for example, it is likely to be a noun (e.g. commitment, contentment).

Suffixes: spelling

Often, the suffix causes a spelling change to the original word. In the table above, the -e ending of complicate and create disappears when the -ion suffix is added. Other examples of spelling changes include:

  1. beautyduty + -ful → beautiful, dutiful (-y changes to i)

  2. heavyready + -ness → heaviness, readiness (-y changes to i)

  3. able, possible + -ity → abilitypossibility (-le changes to il)

  4. permitomit + -ion → permission, omission (-t changes to ss)

A good learner’s dictionary will give you information on the correct spelling of words with suffixes.

Common suffixes and examples

Noun suffixes


examples of nouns


baggage, village, postage


arrival, burial, deferral


reliance, defence, insistence


boredom, freedom, kingdom


employee, payee, trainee


driver, writer, director


brotherhood, childhood, neighbourhood


capitalism, Marxism, socialism (philosophies)


capitalist, Marxist, socialist (followers of philosophies)


brutality, equality, cruelty


amazement, disappointment, parliament


happiness, kindness, usefulness


entry, ministry, robbery


friendship, membership, workmanship


expression, population, complexion